Property Offences

In Canada, property offences refer to a range of criminal offences involving the unlawful interference with or damage to another person’s property. These offences are governed by the Criminal Code of Canada and can result in serious legal consequences.

Some of the key property offences in Canada include:

Trespassing at Night (Section 177):

Trespassing at night involves loitering or prowling at night on another’s property near a home.

Theft (Section 334):

Theft involves the intentional and unauthorized taking of someone else’s property with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of it.

Robbery (Section 344):

Robbery is a theft that involves using violence, threats, or intimidation against a person to steal their property.

Break and Enter (Section 348):

Break and enter involves unlawfully entering a place, such as a home or business, with the intent to commit a theft, assault, or other offence.

Possession of Break-In Instruments (Section 351):

Possession of tools or instruments specifically designed or adapted for breaking into property is a criminal offence.

Possession of Stolen Property (Section 354):

Possession of property known to be stolen is a criminal offence in Canada. Someone who suspects that property is stolen without confirming can be “wilfully blind”, which is a replacement for actual knowledge.

Fraud (Section 380):

Fraud is a broad term encompassing various dishonest practices aimed at deceiving others for personal gain or causing harm to property or individuals, businesses, or the public. Fraud can involve misrepresentation, false pretense, or other forms of deceitful conduct.

Mischief (Section 430):

Mischief is the willful destruction or damage of property that belongs to someone else. Mischief can also include the interference with someone’s lawful use of their property.

Arson (Section 434):

Arson involves intentionally setting fire to someone else’s property, causing damage or destruction. An aggravated form of arson involves a disregard for human life.


Property offences can vary in severity, and penalties can range from fines to imprisonment, depending on the specific offence and circumstances. If you are facing charges related to property offences in Canada, seek the guidance of a lawyer at Cooper Lord Law to protect your rights and mount a strong defence.

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